Juba, 26th January 2018. Enough Project, is urging the African Union or AU and Inter-governmental Authority on Development, IGAD to clamp down on spoilers undermining South Sudan’s peace process.
A report published by the Enough Project details how repeated failure by regional bodies to follow words with action fuels war in South Sudan.
The report, “Spoiler,” comes on the eve of the AU Heads of State Summit.
AU and IGAD have failed to hold the warring parties accountable for undermining the peace process and their actions with impunity, says the report.
It warns that repeated lack of action by key regional bodies contributes to escalation of armed conflict and endangering the prospects of peace.
The spoilers will remain in charge of this conflict until AU and IGAD begin backing up their threats with action.
The report advocates for sanctions in form of asset freeze, travel bans, anti-money laundering investigations, an arms embargo and other measures to demonstrate Africa’s seriousness to peace.
It argues that such action would provide essential power to IGAD’s High Level Revitalization Forum and press the warring parties for compromises at the negotiating table.
CTTSAMM, a body authorized to monitor compliance with the cessation of Hostilities, CoH, has recorded violations by government and the opposition troops in South Sudan.
In these violations, women, children and the elderly have been killed.
But both the government and the armed opposition deny their role in these violations and have accused each other of violating the CoH.
The report recommends that the chief of defense staff for the South Sudan army, Lt Gen James Ajongo, should be held responsible for the actions of his troops.
Similarly, the SPLM-IO’s chief of defense staff, Lt. Gen. Simon Gatwech Dual, should face further sanctions, in addition to sanctions imposed on him by the UN.
The entire networks or other military and political officials who share decision-making responsibilities with Lt General James Ajongo and Lt General Simon Gatwech Dual should also be sanctioned, says the report.